The knee joint is the largest weight-bearing joint in the body. It consists of the femur (thigh bone) and its articulation with the tibia (shin) bone, as well as the patella (kneecap) that sits on top of the joint. Structures such as the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) contribute to knee stability. The knee menisci (medial and lateral) also contribute to stability and are located between the tibia and the femur.
The knee can be subject to overuse injuries such as patellar tendinitis, patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS), and iliotibial band (ITB) syndrome. In children and adolescents, Osgood’s Schlatter’s Disease can cause significant pain and limitations. Other common injuries can occur from a sudden twisting or buckling of the knee, or a misstep that stresses certain structures of the knee. Due to the aging process and the demands on the knee, osteoarthritis (OA) or degenerative joint disease may occur.
Physical therapy can have a positive impact on most knee injuries and create a conservative route to recovery. At times, with significant structural damage and/or arthritis, surgical intervention may be required to restore your function. Our practice works with all local surgeons to ensure that your care is safe, effective, and progressive.
Treatment of the knee includes flexibility work, strengthening and balance training, manual therapy including soft tissue mobilization (ASTYM®/IASTM) and joint mobilization, and activity modification.
Did you Know?
Anterior knee pain or patellofemoral pain can respond to a combination of knee-based exercise as well as hip-based exercise.